The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

但当格雷泽给我们带来《皮囊之下》,这部经过他长期酝酿的,由荷兰作家米歇尔·法柏的科幻小说改编的电影时,真是让人惊叹:欢快,不安,大胆。斯嘉丽扮演的外星人藏于人类的皮囊里,穿梭在格拉斯哥街道和商场,不亚于一位一线明星。现实生活中的路人在镜头中完美的展现,而隐身的约翰森面无表情的估算着三个地球人可被利用的热量值。接着演员带着被色诱的人类离开人群,来到她自己的地方:一个神秘的黑暗的洞穴中。在这里,情色恍惚间,人类贡献自己的肉体,被囚禁,被养殖成为食物,谁知道呢,又或许是人类的灵魂。

地方政府对房价只能“假打”的社会学解释

与此同时,苹果正在引入昂贵的新组件,包括OLED显示屏,使手机正面成为一个连续屏幕。深度感应摄像头将提供“增强现实”新功能,并允许手机通过人脸识别(而不是指纹)解锁。
"Based on experience from previous years, the number of applicants could sharply increase as the application window closes, especially during the last three days of application," an unidentified official with the Ministry of Human Resource and Social Security said on the ministry's website.
此外,这也是北京大学连续第二年在亚洲大学排行榜上排名第二位。
[si'vi?]

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 国网拟停止垫付光伏补贴 业界担心分布式投资热情降温 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

下半年广州市区楼市新货将聚焦奥体广钢和新市

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

根据中国国家统计局的数据,10月份中国规模以上工业增加值同比增长6.1%,与9月份的增幅一致,略低于经济学家的预期中值6.2%。
Alumni from Edhec have the 11th highest average salary, at $105,000, behind the alumni from Sloan at $143,600. They also enjoyed theseventh-highest salary increase, at 79 per cent.
讽刺的是,就在该榜单公布的同一天,特朗普会见了已经连续第四年蝉联富豪榜榜首的比尔·盖茨。
vi. 自制

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

美国公司高管的薪酬不断上升,收入差距越拉越大。在这种情况下,看到一位不光关心自身收入的CEO不禁让人眼前一亮。9月份,联想首席执行官杨元庆宣布,他将连续第二年和大约1万名联想员工分享他的奖金,数额至少为300万美元。他做出这个慷慨决定的原因是这家个人电脑制造商的年度销售额创下了历史新高。据彭博新闻(Bloomberg News)报道,参与“分成”的联想员工获得的奖金大约相当于中国普通城镇就业者一个月的收入。
The programme entered the ranking in second place in 2006 and was ranked top in 2008.
States are falling all over themselves to be chosen as the site for Tesla’s proposed $5 billion Gigafactoryto produce lithium ion batteries. California is competing with Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and the bidding for the factory, which could employ up to 6,500 people, is said to be up to $500 million.

今年前两月 个税专项附加扣除政策已惠及4400多万人

单词neglect 联想记忆:
年末城镇登记失业率4.02%,为多年来最低;

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 打造“中部第一” 南康家具产业走上质量发展之路 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

SplashData的首席执行官摩根·斯兰说:“当你看到‘最差劲密码’榜单上出现‘adobe123’或者‘photoshop’,你就该意识到,在你正在使用的网站或应用上,不该用它本身的名字作为密码。”
n. [计]定序;排序;订购 v. 命令;指挥;订购(o
Song “Wind Blowing In The Wheat Field” (Li Jian and Sun Li)
上海软科教育信息咨询有限公司于上周三发布的2018年“世界大学学术排名”显示,中国有62所研究型大学入围这份全球500强高校榜单。

家居企业上市并非做强唯一出路 谋出路需更多思考

在MBA榜单上,伦敦商学院、INSEAD和西班牙企业商学院(IE Business School)毕业生的薪酬相差无几,只有几美元的差距。INSEAD的毕业生薪资最高,为15.5015万美元。
scary puppy like head tilts and glares
Rounding out the top three is Fleetwood Mac at $59.5 million. Though the band contains three men, it also boasts two high-profile ladies—Stevie Nicks and the recently-returned Christine McVie—rendering the group eligible for this list. Its On With The Show tour included 86 concerts during our scoring period, grossing well over $1 million per city.
The Brexit trade uncertainty
vi. 打结
新年是这样美好的时光:炉火熊熊,花儿芬芳,醇酒飘香,殷殷祝福,美好回忆,
其中,由于IT/互联网/通讯/电子行业迅猛发展,吸纳了近三成的2016年应届毕业生。
Swiss school IMD comes top in the ranking of open-enrolment courses, available to all working managers, and jumps two places to second for customised programmes, which are tailor-made for corporate customers. Iese of Spain holds on to the top spot in the custom ranking and remains second in the open ranking.
An investigation is continuing into how La La Land was wrongly named Best Picture rather than the triumphant Moonlight.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

You`d love to know the balance of forces that shape and move your ponytail, right? That`s why Joseph Keller, Raymond Goldstein, Patrick Warren and Robin Ball received this igNOMINIOUS prize!
Influenced by the current economic situation, and resource relocation in China's financial market, the banking industry is away from the high-speed growth period, the expert added.
《沃兹汽车》将于1月15日在底特律一个与北美国际汽车展(North American International Auto Show)联合举办的仪式上颁发十大最佳引擎奖。
换总部:随着丰田迁至德州,奔驰从新泽西搬往北卡罗来纳州或乔治亚州,斯巴鲁也要建它的新总部了。它的一个选择是搬到离其客户群更近的佛蒙特州。
今年六月,谷歌宣布与时尚设计师黛安o冯o芙丝汀宝合作,携手推出新款谷歌眼镜。这个举措凸显了硅谷当下的策略:招募时尚精英,赋予可穿戴设备以时尚内涵。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Age: 33

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

n. 三角(形)
Wonder Woman

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

The book reflects growing anxiety in some quarters about the possible negative impact of automation on jobs, from manufacturing to professional services. The subtitle of its UK edition warns of “the threat of mass unemployment” and, in the US edition, foresees “a jobless future”.

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)