The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

4. The 2012 Ig Nobel Neuroscience Prize

东莞家具展成了“捡漏王”

该报告指出,代理商和投资机构的涌入导致世界第二大经济体的增长方式和平台发生了额外的变化。小米科技公司的投资人和创始人雷军、360董事长周鸿祎、中国首富王健林等众多互联网大咖都大力支持流媒体的网络直播,这强烈表明了投资网红经济的巨大利润。
近期,对中国经济的担忧拖累了全球金融市场,影响了欧元区和其它许多经济体的前景。这种担心是欧洲央行(ECB)预计将在周四启动新一轮经济刺激的原因之一。
It is not unusual for the documented wealth of China’s richest people to surge suddenly — or even for previously unknown tycoons to burst into prominence — as stock exchange listings and other public investments thrust them into the spotlight.
8. 随着养老金抽干州市财政,就业前景疲弱

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 从玩概念到拼实力 定制家居早已不是噱头 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

调控加码后的深圳楼市众生相:中介别样推销 商务公寓受冲击

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

还记得《类人猿行动》吗.这是一部被众人忽略的2016年早些时候的电影,由杰米.多南和斯里安.墨菲担任主演,讲述了对希特勒身边的三把手、党卫队将军莱因哈德.海德里希进行的一次失败暗杀。《行动代号:猿人》也尝试讲述这一故事,杰克.莱诺和奥康奈尔将在片中饰演密谋的士兵,而罗莎曼德.派克和米娅.华希科沃斯卡是他们片中的感情对象,杰森.克拉科则饰演他们的刺杀目标。
您只需轻轻一挥将它们放飞,泡沫气球就会自己飘向空中。
而至于他自己的教育问题:他在考虑是留在英国,还是为了离硅谷更近而去读美国的大学。再或者,他也许会放弃学业,全然专注于他的事业。他说,我非常想再创办一家公司,连续创业家们都是对创新上瘾的人。我希望能保有热情。如果我不能尝试新的事物,我会感觉很糟。
affected

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

让别人都滚粗闭嘴,这样你就能特别牛掰地走入“记忆宫殿”了。
The term was first devised by psychologist Johan Denollet from Tilburg University who created a quiz to identify a type D personality.
HOW MUCH: $1,975,000

房贷新政搅动限购城市 四季度楼市会否回暖?

第九步 每天,告诉全世界“别BB了”,其实这样蛮圈粉的
Last but not least, no matter what kind of personality you are, be positive and stay healthy!

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 公积金松绑接棒释压 房价下跌动力趋缓 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

不断上演的进球大战正是本届世界杯精彩绝伦之处。
Elsewhere, Australia recently introduced reforms that have increased transparency around fund pricing, which has driven rapid growth in ETFs.
科学家周日表示,2013年,全球温室气体排放量增加了2.3%,达到历史新高。这个最新迹象表明,在控制全球变暖方面,国际社会的努力仍远远不够。
The general weakness in the renminbi, which fell 1.3 per cent in January and had weakened by 2.2 per cent in the final quarter of 2015, is likely playing a part, by making overseas goods more expensive. However, exports have yet to receive a boost from the currency’s depreciation.

一季度房地产投资创50个月新高 警惕资金变相流入房地产领域

v. 操作,运转,经营,动手术
我们的前路应有尽有,我们的前路一无所有……
How are your competitors getting found online? Google Adwords Keyword Planner helps you answer this question. The word “Adwords” may give some ‘treps pause, as it sounds like you will have to purchase advertising. Not true. Google has made its Keyword Planner tool available to anyone with a Google account (you must first click through the Adwords entry portal). Use the Adwords Keyword Planner to see what keywords are generating the most search volume in your niche and identify opportunities to capture traffic.
单词appearance 联想记忆:
Despite the promise of downloadable courses, teaching for officially recognised qualifications continues to be a classroom-based activity undertaken in the real world. Start-ups have taken the attitude that if they cannot beat the universities and colleges at their own game with new methods of delivery, they should join them in partnerships. As a result, they have been busy getting examining boards to endorse their online courses so that they can count towards a bachelor’s or master’s qualification.
《性别之战》
(G.I. Joe: Retaliation)以及两部小规模电影,加起来在全球的票房收入总计13亿美元。
Economists had forecast a 1.5 per cent annual rate, after a 1.6 per cent reading in September. Beijing's inflation target is "around 3 per cent" this year.
n. 飞行员,领航员,引航员

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

近年来,大多数发达国家的排放量一直在逐步下降,这部分是因为不景气的经济形势,同时也是因为日益加强的气候政策。2013年,由28个国家组成的欧洲联盟(European Union)的排放量下降了1.8%,虽然德国和波兰等几个国家的耗煤量出现增加。英国、意大利和西班牙的排放量显著下降。
根据公安部的声明,自2015年9月以来,我国在放宽外国人居留、入境政策方面取得了巨大进步,帮助吸引了更多海外人才、促进了国际交流和经济发展。
[p?'lu:n]
欧文的原型叫梅尔·温伯格,事实上,他和情妇被联邦调查局征募,让8名特定官员因受贿被免了职。和电影里一样,温伯格和联邦调查局精心设计骗局,抓了这些腐败政治家现行。温伯格后来真的和一名官员成了朋友,但与电影不同,他的最终豁免协议没有让他想帮助的朋友免受牵连。有些事情,即使是对职业罪犯来说也太过牵强。
今年选秀中还有很多选秀权交换的情况,有湖人给费城的前三保护的选秀权,有孟菲斯给丹佛的前五保护的选秀权,还有那个无耻的萨克拉门托给芝加哥的前十保护的选秀权(然而费城球队会控局的,他们的前总经理山姆-辛基会来复仇的)。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Lawrence, 26, took the top spot largely through a slice of the profits from the final movie in the Hunger Games franchise, as well as a big upfront fee for her forthcoming space adventure movie Passengers, Forbes said.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

When the cup is lifted and removed from the dispenser, the magnet seals the bottom and the drink is ready to be enjoyed.
根据全球最大航运公司马士基航运公司(Maersk Line)的数据,从汽车到集装箱运输的纺织品,1月中国对巴西出口同比下降60%,而通过集装箱进入拉美最大经济体的总进口量减半。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

当你走进来的时候,我对你的认识比你的想象中的多。我在网上寻找关于你的资料,利用我自己的关系网来做面试前的背景调查。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)